Terno de ̈Mestiza ̈ from Yucatan
Made by Candida Jiménez Bojorquez
Ethnic Group: Mestiza Yucateca
Jubón, Maní, Yucatán, 2019
Large cotton square with machine-embroidered flowers decorated at the edge with industrial
tulle lace trim and attached to the huipil.
Huipil, Maní, Yucatán, 2019
Cotton dress that reaches the knees, decorated with the same flowers as the jubón in
machine-embroidery and ending with tulle lace trim.
Fustán, Maní, Yucatán, 2019
Cotton underskirt machine embroidered with the same flowers as the jubón and huipil, and
ending with tulle lace trim.
We know that Yucatecan embroidery is from the pre-Hispanic era because in the cenote of
Chichén Itzá they found some vestiges of Mayan clothing embroidered in ̈Chuy K ́ab, ̈ or
satin stitch. The Yucatan terno is a fusion of indigenous and Spanish design. In his book
"Relationship of things in Yucatan", Friar Diego de Landa, a friar of the Franciscan order who
arrived in Yucatan in 1547 and was Bishop from 1572-1579, spoke of the indigenous women
of Yucatan in a way where we can see the beginnings of this typical costume of the
peninsula: "The indigenous women ... are very honest in their costume, because their
wrapped skirt [the fustán] covered the breasts ... with a square cover [the jubón]. ... all the
others wore nothing but a long and wide sack, open on both sides and tucked into it as far as
the quadriles [the huipil]. ̈ Spanish nuns taught the mayan women how to embroider in
European style, using the cross stitch, with brightly colored flower and bird bases.